Case studies of experiences developing biodiversity indicators following the steps of the Biodiversity Indicator Development Framework.
Zenab for Women in Development mobilize and empower women, through the organization of local cooperatives into a larger union of women farmers. Established in 2005, the union has grown from 300 women in six communities to 3,000 women in 53 communities across the state of Gedaref, Sudan. The union provides a platform for women farmers to improve agricultural productivity and exchange good environmental practices. Training is provided in organic agriculture, crop rotation and the use of biological fertilizers.
Maasai Wilderness Conservation Trust preserves the wilderness, wildlife and cultural heritage of the Amboseli-Tsavo ecosystem – an important migration corridor between two national parks. The organization of Maasai communities has mitigated unsustainable practices such as overgrazing and water-intensive farming and introduced alternative livelihood options, including ecotourism. The community benefits from lease payments for conservancy zones, watershed protection, and the provision of ecotourism services.
Once on the brink of resettlement due to desertification, soil degradation and lack of water, the Abrha Weatsbha community in northern Ethiopia has reclaimed its land through the reforestation and sustainable management of over 224,000 hectares of forest. Tree planting activities have resulted in improved soil quality, higher crop yields, increased biomass production and groundwater functioning, and flood prevention. The organization has constructed small dams, created water catchment ponds, and built trenches and bunds to restore groundwater functioning.
Ujamaa Community Resource Team works across northern Tanzania to help secure land and resource rights for pastoralist, agro-pastoralist, and hunter-gatherer communities, many of whom are negatively affected by the existence of the country’s large protected areas. The group’s approach has capitalized on Tanzania’s village land legislation, which allows communities to develop by-laws and land use plans for their customary lands, and has also focused on improving the ecosystem management capacity of these communities.
Shompole Group Ranch covers almost 62,700 hectares of grassland and savannah in the Magadi Division of southern Kenya. The Group Ranch, under the management of the legally-registered Shompole Community Trust, has 2,000 registered members representing around 10,000 Loodokilani Maasai dependents, and is legally registered to undertake wildlife conservation within its boundaries.
Between 1998 and 2003, this IUCN-led intervention in the Rufiji Delta area of Tanzania worked through the Rufiji District Council to develop village environment management plans in consultation with local communities. The project oversaw the effective transfer of resource management authority from the central government to four pilot villages comprising communities in the floodplain and delta areas affected by the flooding of the river downstream of the Selous Game Reserve.
On the arid rangelands of the Marsabit area of northern Kenya, the livelihoods of pastoralist groups are subject to threats from overgrazing, land use change, social instability, and climate change. Pastoralist Integrated Support Programme (PISP), a local NGO, has worked since 1996 to increase the number of water points that can provide safe and reliable water for livestock and people, while strengthening conservation of key wildlife species in Marsabit National Park and the wider area.
The Amani Nature Reserve was created to protect the unique, Namdrik Atoll Local Resources Committee promotes a holistic model of community self-sufficiency, local food security and adaptation to climate change in Namdrik Atoll in the Marshall Islands. To reduce reliance on declining fish stocks, the Committee reintroduced traditional crops like breadfruit, taro and pandanus, which restore soil and open value-added secondary processing industries for local communities.
Muliru Farmers Conservation Group is a community-based organization located near Kakamega Forest in western Kenya. The group generates income through the commercial cultivation and secondary processing of an indigenous medicinal plant, to produce the Naturub® brand of medicinal products.