In the early 1990s, as Manager of the International Unit of the Department of Conservation, I represented the New Zealand Government at the final preparatory meeting and first three CoPs of the CBD and had responsibility for initial steps in its implementation in New Zealand. Since 1995, first at Waikato University and then at Lincoln lecturing and researching in planning (primarily), geography and tourism with a focus on commons and their management I have developed my particular interests in coastal, marine, lacustrine and freshwater planning and management. The CBD is embedded in everything I teach and in my research. Working with mainstreaming biodiversity into planning and legislation and, in the New Zealand context, Maori and their traditional knowledge and management systems have been the main themes of my applied research and student supervision. At a community level I am involved with the Waihora Ellesmere Trust (that is trying to restore the health of Lake Ellesmere/Te Waihora, a 20,000 hectare internationally significant wetland for bird habitat and nationally significant for fisheries and its cultural importance to Maori). In my personal life I am involved in breeding a rare English breed of sheep - the Ryeland - at our Eelbend stud. Our land has been farmed by my family for over 150 years. I hold BSc(hons) (Otago), MA (Newfoundland), and PhD (Waikato) in geography. I am a member of the NZ Planning Institute and professionally certified by the NZ Assoc for Resource Management and am a Government qualified Hearings Commissioner under the Resource Management Act. Ethnically, Pakeha (not Maori). Previous employment has included with the Ministry of Foreign Affairs in the official development assistance area and former member of the management committee of the Lincoln University Centre for International Development (LUCID) and have a strong interest in and supervise students from a number of developing countries, usually in governance of commons and community-based approaches. I have worked on drafting NZ legislation and national policy in the coastal marine aquaculture and fisheries areas and presented expert evidence to the High Court and Environment Court of NZ and Board of Inquiry and to NZ Parliament and Canadian Senate inquiries and hearings. I have particular expertise in coastal and marine spatial planning and marine aquaculture planning.