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Options and Approaches for Realizing Target 16 of the Aichi Biodiversity Targets

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The tenth meeting of Conference of Parties to the Convention on Biological
Diversity (CBD COP 10) adopted the Strategic Plan for 2011-2020 including a
set of global biodiversity targets called the Aichi Biodiversity Targets. COP 10
also decided that by 2015, Parties to the CBD develop, review, update and
revise the National Biodiversity Strategies and Action Plans (NBSAPs) that
include relevant national and/or regional targets. Target 16 of the Aichi Target
deals with the issue of entry into force of the Nagoya Protocol on Access and
Benefit Sharing (ABS) and subsequent national implementation. Review of the
post 2010 NBSAPs undertaken by FNI (Balakrishna Pisupati and Christian
Prip, in press) indicate that weak focus on Target 16 in the NBSAPs. This Report
provides options for countries to strength the focus on Target 16 related to ABS
and also further implementation of the Nagoya Protocol on ABS at national

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