Conservation International Case Study : Despite the establishment of the Alto Mayo Protected Forest (AMPF) in 1987, the protected area faces high deforestation rates due to timber extraction and forest clearing for pastures and coffee planting. The conservation agreement approach was selected as a strategy to improve the relationship with the settlers. The logic behind this approach was that the settlers would spend more time managing their shade grown coffee plantations rather than deforest new areas. But, gender considerations were not taken into account when defining the guidelines for implementation. This perspective changed while implementing the project, as project implementers saw that women also play important roles in coffee production. Currently women are in charge of executing half of the conservation agreements signed in the AMPF, as in 2013, after the coffee rust disease reached plantations in the AMPF, men left the area to seek better income opportunities. Understanding gender dynamics has become even more essential, as since 2013 half of conservation agreements in the area are executed by women.
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