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Ethiopia National Biodiversity Strategy And Action Plan


This Strategy has been prepared in accordance with the guideline for updating NBSAP and contains eight parts.

Chapter 1 introduces the country. It describes variable physio-geographic and climatic features and also population and economy of the country.

Chapter 2 provides an overview of the biodiversity resource base of the country, namely: the ecosystems, plant, animal, microbial and cultural diversity. It also describes the protected area systems and presents summary of major factors affecting the biodiversity resource base of the country.

Chapter 3 assesses values of biodiversity and ecosystem services, where agricultural biodiversity, and forest and its ecosystem services are described as the core drivers of economic growth and long-term food security and poverty alleviation. It describes direct economic and indirect ecological values of the protected area systems.

Chapter 4 identifies direct and indirect causes of biodiversity loss; where habitat conversion, unsustainable utilization, invasive species, climate change, replacement of local varieties and breeds, and pollution are identified as direct causes; while demographic change, poverty, and lack of awareness and coordination are identified as indirect causes for biodiversity loss.

Chapter 5 outlines institutional and legal frameworks that govern conservation, sustainable use and access of genetic resources and associated community knowledge and sharing of benefits accrued from their use.

Chapters 6 describes lessons from the previous NBSAP and the process of revision of the NBSAP.

Chapter 7 provides vision, mission and principles of the revised NBSAP and outlines the National Biodiversity Targets of Ethiopia.

Chapter 8 outlines implementation arrangements for the revised NBSAP.

For more information or comments on Ethiopia's draft NBSAP, please contact Misikire Tessema (

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