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Traditional knowledge

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Aichi Biodiversity Target Eighteen – Traditional Knowledge – focuses on respecting the traditional knowledge of indigenous and local communities. It states: By 2020, the traditional knowledge, innovations and practices of indigenous and local communities relevant for the conservation and sustainable use of biodiversity, and their customary use of biological resources, are respected, subject to national legislation and relevant international obligations, and fully integrated and reflected in the implementation of the Convention with the full and effective participation of indigenous and local communities, at all relevant levels. 

Traditional knowledge includes the body of knowledge built by indigenous and local communities over generations. Traditional knowledge can contribute to both the conservation and the sustainable use of biodiversity. Traditional knowledge is especially important in ensuring the diversity of biodiversity and natural resource management practices required to enable adaptation to climate change impacts. In order to achieve Target 18, countries will need to assess how well traditional knowledge has been integrated and reflected in different phases of the implementation of the Convention; assess the degree of participation of indigenous and local communities; and identify mechanisms for improving the integration of indigenous and local communities. 

Target 18 indicators may include trends in: 

  • The diversity of participation in NBSAP development and implementation
  • The degree to which traditional knowledge and practices are respected through full integration and participation
  • The development of traditional knowledge safeguards in NBSAPs

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