Responses to climate change must focus on reducing greenhouse gas emissions enough to avoid runaway impacts and on addressing the impacts that are already with us. Managing ecosystems as carbon sinks and resources for adaptation is increasingly recognised as an effective strategy. The Stern Review on the Economics of Climate Change recommended that governments develop policies for “climate sensitive public goods, including natural resource protection, coastal protection and emergency preparedness." The world’s protected area network helps mitigate and adapt to climate change.
Book or book chapter
Approximately one-third of the world’s hundred largest cities rely on forest protected areas to supply a substantial amount of their drinking water. This book reports on the research that produced the statistics; demystifies the links between natural forests and water resources, including drinking water; looks at the environmental and social implications; and gives a number of detailed case studies from around the world. It is the first in a series of wider “arguments for protection” looking at wider benefits from protected areas.
Mauritius, Seychelles and Comoros are precious jewels in the Indian Ocean, with special approaches to the challenges of conserving their unique biodiversity heritage. Seychelles and Mauritius rate high in terms of human development and biodiversity values, while Comoros has been making steady progress towards improving people’s well-being. These three Indian Ocean countries face significant competition for both land and marine resources, while much of the economy is based on fisheries, and for Seychelles and Mauritius also on tourism and associated services.
In 2012, Conservation International (CI) adopted a Gender Policy under its rights-based approach (RBA) to conservation, committing to “actively work to incorporate gender issues and anticipate gender-related outcomes in our design and implementation phases.” In response to this directive, and recognizing that conservation project managers need a simple resource that can easily be adapted to specific contexts, CI developed "Guidelines for Integrating Gender into Conservation." These guidelines outline a pragmatic four-step approach for conservation project managers to better unders
Since the year 2000, the Community Management of Protected Areas Conservation Project (COMPACT) programme has been testing an innovative model for engaging communities in conservation. An initiative of the UNDP-implemented GEF Small Grants Programme (GEF SGP), and United Nations Foundation (UNF), the programme has been working with communities near eight current/proposed UNESCO World Heritage Sites (WHS) in Africa, Asia, Meso-America and the Caribbean.
The Strategic Plan for Biodiversity (2011-2020) urges the mainstreaming of biodiversity and development – particularly as part of the process of revising National Biodiversity Strategies and Action Plans (NBSAPs). In this context, an “African Leadership Group” (ALG) on Biodiversity and Development Mainstreaming was established as an open voluntary body, and met in Maun, Botswana, from 14th to 16th November 2012.
From 8-12 July 2013 in Entebbe, Uganda, the African Leadership Group (ALG) on Biodiversity and Development Mainstreaming met with other professionals and practitioners from the biodiversity, environment and development sectors of seven African countries1 and four international institutions2, for the second international workshop of the NBSAPs 2.0 Project. The workshop addressed challenges and best practices for mainstreaming biodiversity and conservation into development processes, and for mob
Commissioned by the PARCC West Africa project (http://www.parcc-web.org/), Managing and financing protected areas to adapt to climate change: A rapid review of options involved: a) researching a broad range of possible
options – i.e., adaptation strategies – for managing PAs to minimise climate change impacts, and b) reviewing possible financing mechanisms.
This chapter of Regional Water and Soil Assessment for Managing Sustainable Agriculture in China and Australia looks at how indicators can be used to assess agricultural sustainability. Indicators are biophysical, economic and social attributes that can be measured and used to assess the condition and sustainability of the land from the farm to the regional level. Reliable indicators provide signals about the current status of natural resources and how they are likely to change.
This 2007 IISD publication lists best practices for a variety of access and benefit-sharing (ABS) activities (prior informed consent, mutually agreed terms, benefit sharing, traditional knowledge, sustainable use, etc.), and also features sample contractual terms.