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Southern Africa

Mainstreaming biodiversity and development. Guidance from African experience 2012-17

This guide is aimed at people who are involved in national or sectoral development planning who want to highlight how biodiversity contributes to economic and social development and make sure that opportunities and risks are no longer ignored by development policy, plans and budgets. It may also be useful for those who are developing or revising an NBSAP and want to check it supports poverty reduction and social inclusion.

The guidance aims to:

Legal Framework for Protected Areas: South Africa I IUCN

This case study considers South Africa’s contemporary protected areas regime, as principally reflected
in the National Environmental Management: Protected Areas Act 2003. It commences with a discussion
of the key challenges which compelled the government to rethink its approach to protected areas
including: poor conservation planning; the adoption of an exclusionary approach to conservation;
exceedingly fragmented institutional and legislative frameworks; inconsistent declaration and

Legal Framework for Protected Areas: Peru I IUCN

The Peruvian system of protected areas, developed recently, is still in the process of consolidation.
Forty-eight years after the designation of the first national park in Peru, there are now 63 protected
areas at the national level and 20 regional or private protected areas. However, sustainable and efficient
management is still far from being achieved. At the institutional level, progress is very recent. It was
only in 2008 that protected areas, formerly part of the agriculture ministry portfolio, were placed under

Universalising water and sanitation coverage in urban areas: From global targets to local realities in Dar es Salaam, and back

Global targets such as the Sustainable Development Goals and associated monitoring play a key role in supporting efforts to move towards universal access to water and sanitation. Reflecting on Dar es Salaam, Tanzania, this paper demonstrates how global monitoring often fails to reflect and support local efforts to improve water and sanitation in low-income settlements. Locally generated water and sanitation data and perceptions of progress can reveal important realities of water and sanitation provision that global monitoring inadvertently conceals.

IIED Briefing: Meeting future demand for drinking water supply in Dar es Salaam: Hydrological modelling of the Ruvu River and assessment of flows

The city of Dar es Salaam in Tanzania requires significant new surface water resources if it is to meet Sustainable Development Goal 6. This study reports on the development of a hydrological model, using existing data, which assesses the impacts of upstream irrigation abstraction on downstream water security for the city. Results indicate that water deficits will likely still occur in dry years even after the construction of an additional storage dam.

Developing Namibia’s Capacity And Concession System To Secure Sustainable Financing For Protected Areaseveloping Namibia's Capacity And Concession System To Secure Sustainable Financing For Protected Areas

The UNDP supported GEF financed project “Strengthening the Protected Area Network” (SPAN; from 2005-2012) used a number of strategies to secure sustainable financing for Namibia’s protected areas (PAs). The project undertook and successfully used a comprehensive economic analysis of the PA system to make the business case for increased investment in PAs. In addition it developed a concession management system compatible with the Government of the Republic of Namibia’s conservation and development objectives, significantly increasing the budget available for park management.

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