Mercury is a heavy metal that occurs naturally but can also be released into air, water and soil through anthropogenic activities such as mining, metal and cement production, and combustion of fossil fuels. It is highly toxic and persistent in the environment. It can be transported in the atmosphere great distances, and can enter the food chain and accumulate in flora and fauna. This course introduces you to the Minamata Convention on Mercury, which seeks to protect the human health and the environment from anthropogenic emissions and releases of mercury and mercury compounds.
Once generated, hazardous wastes require proper handling and disposal if their adverse impacts on human health and the environment are to be avoided. This course introduces you to the Basel Convention, which is the most important legally binding international agreement related to hazardous and other wastes. It will take you 2 hours approximately to complete the course, excluding additional materials.
Wetlands are among the most complex and productive ecosystems in the world, comparable to rainforests and coral reefs. They can host an immense variety of species of microbes, plants, insects, amphibians, reptiles, birds, fish and mammals. All these species are closely linked to wetlands and to each other, forming a life cycle and a complex set of interactions. For this reason, protectign wetland habitats is essential for maintaining global and national biodiversity.
The way in which genetic resources are accessed, and how the benefits of their use are shared, can create incentives for their conservation and sustainable use, and can contribute to the creation of a fairer and more equitable economy to support sustainable development.
No country is self-sufficient in plant genetic resources; all depend on genetic diversity in crops from other countries and regions. International cooperation and open exchange of genetic resources are therefore essential for food security. This course introduces you to the International Treaty on Plant Genetic Resources for Food and Agriculture, the legally binding framework for the conservation and sustainable use of all plant genetic resources for food and agriculture. It will take you 2 hours approximately to complete the course, excluding additional materials.
Levels of exploitation of some animal and plant species are high and the trade in them, together with other factors, such as habitat loss, is capable of heavily depleting their populations and even bringing some species close to extinction. Many wildlife species in trade are not endangered, but the existence of an agreement to ensure the sustainability of the trade is important in order to safeguard these resources for the future.
The Earth's biological resources are vital to humanity's economic and social development. As a result, there is a growing recognition that biological diversity is a global asset of tremendous value to present and future generations. At the same time, the threat to species and ecosystems caused by human activities has never been so great.
Cultural and natural sites are very diverse, yet they have in common the fact that they constitute, together with many others, a common heritage to be treasured as unique testimonies to an enduring past. Their disappearance would be an irreparable loss for humanity. This course introduces you to the World Heritage Convention, which is one of the most complete international instruments that exist in the field of conservation.
This course introduces you to the Cartagena Protocol on Biosafety to the Convention on Biological Diversity. The Protocol seeks to ensure an adequate level of safety in the transfer, handling, and use of living modified organisms (LMOs) resulting from modern biotechnology that may have adverse effects on biological diversity. This e-course is comprised of four lessons. It will take you 90 minutes approximately to complete the course, excluding additional materials. You are required to answer at least 80% of the assessment questions correctly in order to obtain a course certificate.
The International Treaty on Plant Genetic Resources for Food and Agriculture addresses the issue of Farmers’ Rights in Article 9, and in its Preamble. The International Treaty advises Contracting Parties to protect and promote Farmers’ Rights in accordance with national laws. This course examines its origins and treatment in the International Treaty and presents somepractical activities for the realization of Farmers’ Rights. It will take you 3 hours approximately to complete the course, excluding additional reading material.