Bahrain, which means â€˜two seasâ€™ in Arabic, is the third smallest nation in Asia after the Maldives and Singapore but boasts one of the fastest growing economies in the Arab world. An archipelago off the coast of Saudi Arabia, Bahrain was once made up of 33 islands before extensive land reclamation increased the number to 84.
In a bold effort to safeguard its biodiversity for future generations and restore its degraded lands, the Bahraini government embarked on a two year project in 2013, in collaboration with every major sector of Bahraini society to document and conserve the countryâ€™s biodiversity for the first time in its history.
The Government ensured that their National Biodiversity Strategy and Action Plan aligned with all of the other biodiversity related conventions, including desertification and climate change, Ramsar on wetlands and the Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora. Another very critical aspect of the process was to ensure that the biodiversity goals and objectives aligned with the Global or â€˜Aichiâ€™ Biodiversity Targets, as well as the Sustainable Development Goals. This has enabled Bahrain to understand the significance of their national efforts to achieving much bigger global development objectives.
Bahrain is the first country in the Gulf to establish a Clearing House Mechanism for biodiversity, which is essentially a biodiversity database, and an obligation under the Convention on Biological Diversity. In the process, they have found 20 species that weren't previously known to live in Bahrain.
Read more here https://goo.gl/zzBHtP.
Click here to view Bahrain's Latest NBSAP, submitted on 14 July 2016 https://goo.gl/4pP2c6.
View Bahrain's National Targets here https://goo.gl/qNvf10.