This document references Important Bird Areas (IBAs), which are Key Biodiversity Areas (KBAs) identified using birds. They are selected through the application of a set of four standard, internationally recognized criteria (see table below), based, as far as possible, on accurate and up-to-date knowledge of bird distributions and populations. The IBA categories and criteria refer to two essential attributes used to identify priorities for conservation: vulnerability (Category A1) and irreplaceability (different aspects of which are covered by A2, A3 and A4). The IBA process is participatory and involves literature reviews, field surveys and wider consultations that bring together experts, stakeholders, and indigenous and local communities. It also fully takes into account existing protected area networks and the birds they protect, as well as bringing additional sites onto the conservation agenda, often for the first time.
Towards an ecologically representative network of protected areas in Ethiopia
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