Systematic Conservation Planning (SCP) seeks to assess biodiversity in a robust, repeatable and scientific manner and thereby identify the best places in a landscape to undertake conservation activities such as Protected Area expansion. Systematic Conservation Plans were prepared, during a 15 month project, using available spatial data for the marine and terrestrial areas within the Emirate of Abu Dhabi (Abu Dhabi), the United Arab Emirates (UAE) and the Arabian Peninsula region, comprising the UAE together with the Hashemite Kingdom of Jordan (Jordan), the Kingdom of Bahrain
(Bahrain), the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia (Saudi Arabia), the Republic of Yemen (Yemen), the State of Kuwait (Kuwait), the State of Qatar (Qatar), and the Sultanate of Oman (Oman). The Abu Dhabi and UAE analyses were run at a finer scale than the Arabian Peninsula.
The project collated available spatial data into six summary derived layers on GIS that were then used to run the spatial analyses. The six derived layers were: Habitat, Habitat Condition, Protected Areas, Species, Ecological Processes, and Opportunity and Constraints. As the project followed a SCP approach, targets were set for biodiversity features including for ecosystems, habitats and species.