Sustainability of commons is one of the major challenges in developing countries. There are two distinct theories to manage the commons. The one is with the theory of Hardin where centrally enforce with strong governmental regulations and other theory is from Ostrom where local people can manage their own commons by policy of decentralization, self- governance and from own institution. The community forestry of Nepal is managing under the Ostrom theory based on several principles. This paper is analyzing the history of forest system in Nepal, evolution of community forestry, benefit of community forestry.
PhD Student, Yokohama National University, Japan Email: email@example.com