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Social Outcomes of Community-based Rangeland Management in Mongolian Steppe Ecosystems

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Community-based rangeland management (CBRM) has been promoted as a promising option for achieving both rangeland conservation and community well-being. However, research on its effectiveness is limited, and the reported outcomes are mixed, especially with regard to socio-economic outcomes. The authors for this research paper measured social outcomes of CBRM in Mongolia by comparing 77 formally organized pastoral groups with 65 traditional herder neighbourhoods across four ecological zones. Authors used household surveys, focus groups, and interviews to measure livelihoods, social capital, and management behavior. Members of CBRM groups were significantly more proactive in addressing resource management issues and used more traditional and innovative rangeland management practices than non-CBRM herders. However, the group types did not differ in social capital or on most livelihood measures. The results demonstrate that formal CBRM is strongly associated with herder behavior, but calls for consideration of how to reach livelihood outcomes, a key incentive for community-based conservation.

- Danielle Nilsson, Greg Baxter, Clive A. McAlpine from the University of Queensland, School of Geography, Planning & Environmental Management, Australia b
- James R.A. Butler from CSIROL and Water Flagship, Australia

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