This manual provides detailed guidance for using the Social Assessment for Protected Areas (SAPA) methodology.
SAPA is a relatively simple and low cost methodology for assessing the positive and negative impacts of a protected area (PA) and related conservation and development activities on the wellbeing of communities living within and around the PA. It is a multi-stakeholder assessment that aims to help increase and more equitably share positive social impacts, and reduce negative social impacts. It can be used with PAs of any kind, including those managed and governed by government agencies, communities and the private sector.
The methodology uses a combination of i) community workshops to identify significant social impacts, ii) a short household survey to explore these impacts and related governance issues in more depth, and iii) a stakeholder workshop to validate the survey results, explore other key issues and generate suggestions for action.