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Rights-based Approaches: Exploring issues and opportunities for conservation

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In 2012, Conservation International (CI) adopted a Gender Policy under its rights-based approach (RBA) to conservation, committing to “actively work to incorporate gender issues and anticipate gender-related outcomes in our design and implementation phases.” In response to this directive, and recognizing that conservation project managers need a simple resource that can easily be adapted to specific contexts, CI developed "Guidelines for Integrating Gender into Conservation." These guidelines outline a pragmatic four-step approach for conservation project managers to better understand and integrate gender dimensions into their conservation projects.

Chapter 1 provides an overview of key issues and a broad conceptual framework for RBAs to conservation. It includes some preliminary suggestions to help ensure conservation policy and its implementation, respect and, where appropriate, help to further protect and fulfill rights. Chapter 2 gives an overview of the rights and social justice related standards and policies of major international organizations, including several NGOs. Chapters 3-10 are case studies describing the policies, processes and methods that a range of NGOs, governments and communities are using in RBAs to conservation. Chapter 11 argues for a RBA to mainstreaming gender in regimes to secure access to genetic resources and to share benefits. Chapter 12 explores the implications of RBAs to mitigating climate change through Reduced Emissions from Deforestation and Forest Degradation (REDD). Finally, Chapter 13, identifies and analyzes common themes and emerging lessons.

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