This paper looks at the key financing challenges and opportunities for realising both biodiversity conservation and sustainable development objectives.
The first part of the paper examines trends in bilateral commitments of official development assistance (ODA) targeting biodiversity, and discusses the effectiveness of these finance flows for achieving long-lasting results.
The second part of the paper explores how development co-operation can support partner countries to mobilise and access other sources of finance for biodiversity, through mechanisms such as environmental fiscal reform, payments for ecosystem services, market creation mechanisms for green products, and conservation trust funds. Support can target the development of knowledge, technical skills, and strengthen governance and legal institutions.
For more information on OECD work on biodiversity, see: