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Mainstreaming Biodiversity in Production Landscapes

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At the World Summit on Sustainable Development in Johannesburg, South Africa, in 2002, world leaders agreed that reducing the rate of biodiversity loss and improving the welfare of humankind were still elusive goals, despite the ambitious initiatives taken at the United Nations Conference on the Environment and Development in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil in 1992. Massive programs of integrated rural development, community-based resource management, and similar innovations had failed to deliver the results expected. A new paradigm was needed to integrate biodiversity conservation into thinking and action at all levels of intervention and across all sectors.The concept of “mainstreaming” biodiversity conservation was enter- ing the language of the new debate, but its meaning and relevance were poorly understood, despite being a key concept in the new GEF program of work.

This volume contributes to broadening the understanding and application of the concept of mainstreaming biodiversity. It captures the inputs to and findings of an international workshop held in Cape Town, South Africa, in September 2004 on Mainstreaming Biodiversity in Production Landscapes and Sectors.The workshop, co-hosted by the South African National Biodiversity Institute (SANBI) and the Scientific and Technical Advisory Panel (STAP) of the Global Environment Facility (GEF), was attended by individuals from those organizations, as well as the implementing agencies of the GEF—the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP), the United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP), and the World Bank—and by a diverse group of professionals from around the globe.

Working Paper 20, November 2005, Copyright 2005 Global Environment Facility

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