This paper examines the National Integrated Protected Areas System (NIPAS) Act of 1992 (Republic
Act No. 7586) by looking into its legislative history, the legal and policy implications of its provisions,
the changes the law has undergone since its enactment, and the pertinent issues concerning its
implementation. The problems that are identified in this study essentially concern inconsistencies and
overlaps between the NIPAS Act and other related laws which in turn create confusion regarding the
powers and responsibilities of particular institutions.
The results of this study reveal that in certain instances community-based initiatives to preserve natural
habitats can significantly complement government efforts. This suggests that decentralization of the
management of protected areas is a feasible option, if not a more viable one, given the difficulties
sometimes encountered by the national agency responsible.