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Indigenous - Government Co-Management of Protected Areas: Booderee National Park and the National Framework in Australia I IUCN

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Description: 

This case study first describes and assesses co-management governance arrangements for Booderee
National Park on the south-east coast of Australia. It then goes on to set this examination in the broader
context of a range of other types of protected area co-management governance arrangements in
the country. Co-management of Booderee National Park raises and reflects issues from the ongoing
development of co-managed protected areas in Australia. The co-management arrangements for
Booderee exempt Aboriginal management and use from a range of regulatory provisions, but this is
not considered to pose any threats to the successful maintenance of biodiversity. The arrangements
also facilitate development interests of the local Aboriginal community. However, there continue to be
unmet aspirations of local Aboriginal people. More generally, the survey of the various co-management
arrangements in place in Australia shows that land tenure factors have a vital influence on the nature
of arrangements negotiated between governments and Indigenous communities. Arrangements
negotiated in situations where a government will only hand land back to Aboriginal people on condition
that it is in turn leased back to the government to be managed as a protected area, as with Booderee
National Park, are contrasted with situations where a government must come cap in hand to established
Aboriginal landowners in order to establish an Indigenous Protected Area.

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