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Incorporating indicators into National Biodiversity Strategies and Action Plans (NBSAPs)

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This best practice document provides a summary of the above guidance “Incorporating indicators into NBSAPs – Guidance for practitioners” produced by the UNEP World Conservation Monitoring Centre Policy (a web link to the full report follows the document text). This document is designed to provide guidance on the use of indicators in the preparation and implementation of National Biodiversity Strategies and Action Plans (NBSAPs). In 2010, Parties to the Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD) adopted the Strategic Plan for Biodiversity 2011- 2020. This is comprised of a shared vision, mission, strategic goals and 20 Targets, collectively known as the Aichi Biodiversity Targets (decision X/2). In the same decision, Parties were urged to translate this overarching international framework into revised and updated NBSAPs by 2015. NBSAPs are the principal instruments for implementing the CBD at the national level (CBD Article 64). In the above-mentioned decision, Parties and other governments were also urged to establish their own national targets as contributions to the global achievement of the Strategic Plan. The development of national targets is a central aspect of the NBSAP updating process. Indicators are an essential aspect of monitoring and reporting progress towards these national targets and towards the overall achievement of NBSAPs. They are also important in enabling adaptive management as part of NBSAP implementation. The selection of indicators should aim to meet the specific needs of measuring progress towards NBSAP targets and implementing actions. Their selection should also take into account existing indicators as well as national circumstances and priorities. For each target in the NBSAP there will likely be several actions that could be taken to achieve it. These actions may be identified in the action plan developed as part of an NBSAP.

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