The CBD recently released "CBD Technical Series No. 81: Plant Conservation Report 2014: A review of progress towards the Global Strategy for Plant Conservation 2011-2020." The Global Strategy for Plant Conservation (GSPC) provides the overall framework for plant conservation at the global and national level. It consists of 16 output-oriented targets covering all aspects of conservation and sustainable plant use. A number of countries have developed national responses to the GSPC, including Brazil, China, Mexico and South Africa. Other countries are implementing the GSPC through their NBSAPs. GSPC implementation provides a direct contribution to achieving the CBD’s Strategic Plan for Biodiversity 2011-2020 and associated Aichi targets. This report provides a review of progress towards the 16 GSPC targets. It shows that progress is being made towards all the targets, but generally not at a sufficient rate to achieve the targets in full by 2020.
Lack of information on plant distribution and conservation status constrains efforts to conserve plants effectively. Furthermore, as the threats to plant conservation increase, botanical capacity and funding are decreasing in many parts of the world. However, the GSPC is generally recognized as a successful strategy that stimulated the development of new national and global initiatives and helped focus the attention of the biodiversity community on the importance of plants. Although encouraging progress is being made towards conserving and sustainably using wild plants, these efforts are not enough. Activities are still constrained by a lack of recognition of the importance of plants and the insufficient allocation of resources for their effective conservation. It is essential that CBD Parties and other Governments further engage with partner organizations to make the best use of available expertise and find ways to fully involve indigenous and local communities and the widest range of stakeholders, to enhance plant conservation and ensure full implementation of the GSPC.