Since the United Nations Conference on Environment and Development in Rio de Janeiro in 1992, there has been an international recognition that the major cause of the continued deterioration of the global environment is the unsustainable patterns of consumption and production. At the World Summit on Sustainable Development (WSSD) in 2002 the Johannesburg Plan of Implementation was agreed, with a call for action to “encourage and promote the development of a 10-Year Framework of Programmes in support of regional and national initiatives to accelerate the shift towards sustainable consumption and production to promote social and economic development within the carrying capacity of ecosystems by delinking economic growth and environmental degradation.”
This publication “ABC of SCP” aims to clarify the main terms and concepts related to sustainable consumption and production, and other terms associated with sustainable development, and the Commission on Sustainable Development (CSD). The main objective is to facilitate dialogue and cooperation on SCP between all stakeholders. This “ABC of SCP” does not pretend to present globally agreed definitions, but rather in most cases offers working definitions that may continue to evolve.