The 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development recognizes that sustainable management of natural resources is relevant to achieving all the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs), and therefore the crucial role of biodiversity and ecosystem services in the well-being of both people and our planet. To accomplish the 2030 Agenda, there is however a need for improved mainstreaming of enhanced conservation and sustainable use of ecosystems and biodiversity in development decisions, sectors and actions.
The paper strengthens the message that, if effectively implemented, the conservation of biodiversity and ecosystem services can lead to substantial gains in many facets of sustainable development.
The analysis helps to understand the synergies of the 2030 Agenda and the Strategic Plan for Biodiversity 2011–2020, and it is also important to have an inclusive process for developing the post-2020 Strategic Plan for Biodiversity, in light of the 2030 Agenda. However, it is recommended that a more extensive in-depth mapping of the current Aichi Biodiversity Targets against the SDGs is undertaken to review the degree of overlap and identify elements of the current Strategic Plan for Biodiversity that are not covered under the SDGs. The post-2020 Strategic Plan should retain a high degree of overlap that explicitly references the links between the new CBD biodiversity targets and the SDGs, and may be seen as constituting detailed objectives that support achievement of the SDGs or they could even be formulated as milestones targets for the SDGs.
Citation: Schultz, M., Tyrrell, T.D. & Ebenhard, T. 2016. The 2030 Agenda and Ecosystems - A discussion paper on the links between the Aichi Biodiversity Targets and the Sustainable Development Goals. SwedBio at Stockholm Resilience Centre, Stockholm, Sweden.