Located in Quang Binh Province on Vietnam’s North Central Coast, Phong Nha-Ke Bang National Park (PNKB) was designated a UNESCO World Heritage Site in 2003 for its unique geology and geomorphology. The Park also features a high level of biodiversity. The Park is managed by a National Park Management Board (NPMB). The Board is appointed by the Province which finances park operations and management. 65,000 people live in the 13 rural communities in the buffer zone of PNKB and including around 400 ethnic minority people living within the Park borders.
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Coastal communities in southwest Madagascar depend on marine resources for income and food. Community-based aquaculture is showing promise as a way to diversify livelihoods for this region. A partnership developed in 2009 between conservation NGOs and a private sector seafood export company led to the creation of a mariculture project focusing on sea cucumbers (sandfish: Holothuria scabra) and red seaweed (cottonii: Kappaphycus alvarezii).
COMACO works with over 80,000 households in Zambia's Luangwa Valley and Eastern Province. It provides them with agricultural inputs (e.g. seeds, tools), training in conservation farming techniques, commodity transport and processing, and access to wholesale and retail markets under COMACO's "It's Wild" brand. Households achieve improved food security, increased incomes, and are incentivized through conditional price premiums and extensions assistance to conserve soils, water, forests, and wildlife.
A combination of mandatory and voluntary HCV assessment has resulted in a larger proportion of forest concession areas being protected at landscape-level than elsewhere. A benefactor of this situation is Kampar Peninsula in Riau Province, Indonesia: one of the largest remaining peatland forest areas and home to a unique, bio-diverse peat swamp-forest environment. Asia Pacific Resources International Limited's (APRIL) efforts to protect the area’s peat dome through the implementation of a protective ‘plantation ring’ have proven an effective strategy.
Voluntary standards, combined with independent certification, are widely used to ‘internalize’ social and environmental impacts in markets, offering recognition for producers and information for consumers. Multi-stakeholder roundtables exist for forest and agricultural commodities and fisheries, among others, with certified production gaining significant market share in some cases.
Estimating the funding required for biodiversity conservation in general, and protected area management in particular, is a formidable challenge on account of multitude of interrelated issues and the wide range of stakeholders involved. The issue of ‘scale’ has an overriding significance. It is relatively simpler to estimate funding requirements for a single protected area, and much more complicated for estimating funding requirements for the entire protected area network.
The Global Conservation Fund (GCF), at Conservation International, finances the creation, expansion and long-term management of priority areas for conservation. Made possible by a grant from the Gordon and Betty Moore Foundation, the GCF has catalyzed more than US$ 200 million for protected area conservation. GCF investments have resulted in the creation and/or expansion of 77 protected areas, resulting in conservation of more than 80 million hectares (197 million acres) around the world.
BirdLife South Africa coordinates the Important Bird and Biodiversity Areas (IBA) Programme (a BirdLife International Programme) in South Africa, which are priority sites specifically for birds, but also for other biodiversity. IBAs more often than not include privately owned, multiple-use landscapes, supporting biodiversity, people and development. Of South Africa’s 122 IBAs, more than 60% is unprotected. One of the biggest challenges for BirdLife South Africa is to obtain legal protection to safe guard IBAs from unsustainable development.
Myanmar’s future is directly linked to how it manages its wealth of natural resources. During this period of transition to a democratic government, the future of the country’s biodiversity is central to how it will emerge from years of isolation. The Ministry of Environmental Conservation and Forestry is using the opportunity provided by the CBD’s Aichi Targets to revise its National Biodiversity Strategy and Action Plan (NBSAP). This process involves engaging with local stakeholders across the country to expand the role of civil society in planning for and managing biodiversity.
The Great Barrier Reef is an amazing natural treasure and one of the most precious ecosystems on Earth. It is critical to the cultural, economic and social wellbeing of more than one million people who live in its catchment and is valued by the national and international community. In light of increasing pressures, and concerns raised by the World Heritage Committee on the impacts of development in 2011, the Great Barrier Reef Marine Park Authority worked with the Queensland Government and the Commonwealth Department of the Environment to undertake a comprehensive strategic assessment.