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Targets and indicators

Targets and indicators

Targets and Indicators focuses on using targets and indicators in the implementation of NBSAPs. The CBD COP Decision X/2 that adopted the Strategic Plan for Biodiversity 2011-2020 also urged Parties to develop national targets to integrate into their NBSAPs. Target setting should be conducted in accordance with national situations, priorities and capacities, using the five Strategic Goals and the Aichi Biodiversity Targets of the Strategic Plan for Biodiversity 2011-2020 as a flexible framework. In the same Decision, Parties were also urged to monitor and review the implementation of their NBSAPs. Indicators are a key tool that can be used to monitor, evaluate, and report progress towards the targets at the national and international levels. Targets provide a focus and help set priorities for the implementation of an NBSAP to achieve a desired outcome. Targets make it easier to move from words to action, and from actions into measurable results. A target can be defined as a specified value or level of performance of something that is to be achieved or maintained, and towards which action is aimed. An indicator is a metric based on verifiable data that conveys information. For each target, it is important to develop one or more indicators. Effective indicators help planners to track progress towards targets, to understand and monitor key status and trends in biodiversity, to raise awareness about an issue, to identify and prioritize actions, and to assess the progress, success and effectiveness of these actions as part of adaptive management. Target setting and indicator development should involve stakeholder and expert consultation in the gathering and analysis of information. Indicators should be developed for specific national targets, taking into account potential linkages to global indicators for the Aichi Biodiversity Targets.

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