Aichi Biodiversity Target Seventeen – NBSAPs – focuses on the development and implementation of National Biodiversity Strategies and Action Plans (NBSAPs). It states: By 2015, each Party has developed, adopted as a policy instrument, and has commenced implementing an effective, participatory and updated national biodiversity strategy and action plan.
NBSAPs are the key instrument for translating the Convention on Biological Diversity into national action. Article 6 of the Convention requires countries to prepare a national biodiversity strategy that reflects how a country intends to fulfill the objectives of the Convention. Although most countries have developed an NBSAP, many of these are outdated, and few fully address the Aichi Biodiversity Targets. The process of revising an NBSAP should involve all relevant stakeholders, should be a dynamic process that allows countries to identify priorities and establish plans that are consistent with their broader national goals, and should be fully incorporated into national sectoral and development plans and strategies. In order to achieve this target, countries will need to assess how well their existing NBSAP addresses existing conditions, trends and the Aichi Biodiversity Targets; identify key constraints and opportunities in sustainable use, conservation and benefits sharing of biodiversity; develop specific strategies and action plans; develop a prioritized work plan; adopt the NBSAP as a national instrument; and begin implementation.
Target 17 indicators may include trends in:
- The development of NBSAPs that fully incorporate the Aichi Biodiversity Targets
- Trends in national NBSAP adoption and implementation