Aichi Biodiversity Target Thirteen – Genetic Diversity – focuses on the maintenance of genetic diversity of plants and animals important for maintaining national and global food security. It states: By 2020, the genetic diversity of cultivated plants, farmed and domesticated animals and wild relatives, including other socio-economically and culturally valuable species, is maintained, and strategies have been developed and implemented for minimizing genetic erosion and safeguarding their genetic diversity.
The genetic diversity of cultivated plants and domesticated animals, and of their wild relatives, is in decline globally. Genetic diversity is critical to maintaining global food security, and to ensuring a robust, resilient agricultural system that can adapt to the impacts of climate change, including genetic stocks that are resistant to drought, disease, floods and temperature fluctuations. In order to achieve this goal, countries will need to identify the status of genetic diversity of cultivated plants, domesticated animals and their wild relatives; assess the distribution, condition and current threat and protection status of wild crop and domesticated animal relatives. They will also need to take actions, such as develop seed banks, increase protection and decrease threats to wild crop relatives; promote diversified agriculture; and implement legislation, policies and plans that safeguard genetic diversity and avoid genetic erosion.
Target 13 indicators may include status and trends in:
- Genetic diversity of cultivated plants, farmed and domesticated animals and their wild relatives
- Threats and protection levels of these species
- Policies that safeguard genetic diversity and reduce genetic erosion
No posts in this forum.