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The Convention on Biological Diversity as a legal framework for safeguarding ecosystem services

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The Convention on Biological Diversity as a legal framework for safeguarding ecosystem services

Biodiversity underpins ecosystem services. The UN Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD) has adopted an
ecosystem services approach as a framework for biodiversity management at the national level. Protection of
ecosystem services requires far more than traditional nature conservation measures like the designation and
management of protected areas. The economic sectors that affect biodiversity and ecosystem services must be
involved, to address not merely the symptoms but the root causes of the degradation of biodiversity and
ecosystem services. Achieving coherence in policies and actions across economic sectors and the changes
involved in values, decision-making and practices, requires legal approaches to ensure buy-in and accountability.
Ideally, such approaches should be included in National Biodiversity Strategies and Action Plans
(NBSAPs), the key instrument for translating the CBD into national action. A review of 20 revised NBSAPs
shows that such measures have been introduced only to a very limited extent with many countries still in the
earliest stages of preparing measures to protect ecosystem services. Thus, there is a need for further research
and practical guidance regarding legal approaches to ecosystem services.

23 February, 2018 - 02:28