A presentation on the relationship between protected areas, SDGs and Mexico's NBSAP
This presentation was presented at the Global Resilience Dialogue in Addis Ababa, November 14, 2015.
Financing Protected Areas is a challenge all countries are facing. Governments are under constant pressure to deliver benefits for the people, enhance actions for poverty alleviation and promote development. Therefore, in order to increase resources for Protected Areas it is key to bring together conservation and development objectives as well as other international and national key issues. Protected Areas provide all types of ecosystem services that are directly linked to social and economic benefits for society.
Reforestamos México developed a solution that allows Natural Protected Areas (NPAs) located near big cities to become a center point that brings alliances, hands and financial resources together in order to plant trees in degraded forests, improve the livelihood of local communities and increase forest awareness among urban people, which derives in better private and public political will to develop initiatives for the benefit of protected and unprotected forests. Our solution is based on the involvement of the civil society, the public and the private sectors.
The Environmental and Social Studies Group operates in the central mountain region of Guerrero promoting local access to safe water and training communities in sustainable land management. The organization has worked with local communities to reforest more than 500 hectares of land in an important watershed, establish more than 60 organic farms, and undertake terracing over 20 kilometres of hillside to reduce and prevent soil erosion. Central to the organizational model is full participation and democratic decision-making in the supply and distribution of water.
The San Crisanto Foundation focuses on mangrove restoration and flood prevention in a region that consistently faces heavy rainfall and flooding. Since the Foundation’s establishment, over 11,300 metres of canals have been restored, and 45 cenotes have been delisted and rehabilitated. As a result, flood risk is reduced and populations and diversity of endemic wildlife in the cenotes and mangrove forests have increased. Restoration efforts have generated 60 jobs and local household incomes have increased substantially.
The Indigenous Tourism Network of Mexico promotes a self-reliance approach to indigenous community development, emphasising sustainable livelihoods in communities working for the conservation and sustainable use of biodiversity. The organization, primarily focused on ecotourism and microenterprises, mobilises indigenous communities through a collaborative and participatory network with the aim of overcoming economic marginalization. The Network includes 17 groups in 15 states, and over 5,000 members.
The Sian Ka’an Biosphere Reserve is the largest marine protected area in Mexico, spanning more than 1.3 million acres of land and ocean. It has been designated a UNESCO World Heritage Site in recognition of its rich biodiversity and wealth of Mayan culture; “Sian Ka’an” is Mayan for “where the sky is born”.
The Fish Production Cooperative Societies of Cozumel and Vigía Chico works to advance a model of sustainable fishing for local communities. Located on the tropical island of Cozumel, an international tourist destination, and in the Sian Ka’an Biosphere Reserve, a national park and UNESCO World Heritage Site, the cooperatives have a long history of collaboration dating to the 1960s.
The town of Nuevo San Juan Parangaricutiro is located in the western part of the Mexican state of Michoacán; its name refers to the destruction of the original San Juan Parangaricutiro during the eruption of the Parícutin volcano in 1943. Since 1982, local indigenous Purépecha community members have been engaged in sustainable timber and non-timber forest extraction and processing from the town’s local pine forests.