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Costa Rica

Presentación II: Productos básicos libres de deforestación

Esta presentación hace parte del seminario en línea del Curso Masivo Abierto en Línea sobre Consumo y Producción Ecológicos. La primera parte del seminario, presentada por BIOFIN Costa Rica, repasa la experiencia del país centroamericano en integrar la biodiversidad en la planificación para el desarrollo.

Presentation: Deforestation Free Commodities

This presentation and webinar focused on the opportunities and challenges in addressing the environmental and social externalities in the agricultural production sector while developing a National Biodiversity Strategy and Action Plan. The presentation discusses tools such as the UNDP’s Green Commodities Programme, the Objective Scenario and the Land Use Change Monitoring on Productive Landscapes Linked to Tenancy.

Protected Area Finance: Societal Costs Or Societal Investments?

The money that countries spend to manage and maintain protected areas should not be considered an “expenditure” but an “investment.” This is not only a semantical issue, but also a conceptual and theoretical one. In general, countries, citizens, press, and ministers of finance praise the investment, but not the expenditure. For instance, in the case of the guards that work for these areas, should those salaries be considered as a general expenditure, or as an investment? If we do not pay for the guards, can we keep a protected area safe?

Equator Initiative Case Study – Talamanca Initiative

Since the late-1970s, local NGO Asociación ANAI has promoted sustainable farming practices in rural communities living within the Talamanca region of Costa Rica. Home to one-third of the country’s indigenous people, the canton ranks lowest in many key socioeconomic indicators, including human development, yet is home to some of the country’s richest biodiversity. This natural heritage was threatened by overreliance on cacao farming as a monoculture, which has contributed to a vicious cycle of forest clearance and loss of soil productivity.

Equator Initiative Case Study - Foundation for Monte Alto Forest Reserve

Responding to deforestation around the headwaters of the Nosara River, a source of drinking water and of wellbeing for the inhabitants of the small town of Hojancha in the central highlands of the Nicoya peninsula, local farmers came together in 1994 to enhance local forest conservation and create the co-managed Monte Alto Protected Zone. This 924-hectare area was created by acquiring land for natural regeneration or reforestation. A co-management agreement with the Costa Rican Ministry of Environment ensures local participation in the area’s management decisions.

Equator Initiative Case Study - CoopeTárcoles R.L.

The artisanal fishers of the community of Tárcoles, located in the Gulf of Nicoya on the Pacific coast of Costa Rica, faced declining fish stocks due to a combination of overharvesting by commercial shrimp boats and unsustainable local fishing practices. At the same time, development of the tourism sector along the coast threatened to restrict access to the shore and to marginalize their work. The local fishing cooperative CoopeTárcoles R.L. was founded in 1985 to confront these twin threats.

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